Competencies have been defined as essential complex knowledge-based acts that combine and mobilize knowledge, skills, and attitudes with the available resources to perform a set of tasks to an appropriate standard.

Competencies require a certain level of social and emotional intelligence that are as much flexible as they are habitual and judicious.

Competence in relation to children and health-promoting schools is described as providing children with age-related knowledge and skills to allow them to build competencies to enable them to make healthy decisions for themselves and for others

Shilton T, Howat P, James R, Lower T. Health promotion development and health promotion workforce competency in Australia: An historical overview. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 2001;12 (2): 117–123. 

Langins M, Borgermans L. Strengthening a competent health workforce for the provision of coordinated/ integrated health services. International Journal of Integrated Care. 2016;16(6):A231. DOI:

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