Equity in relation to education has two dimensions. The first is fairness which ensures that personal and social circumstances (for example gender, socio-economic status, or ethnic origin) is not an obstacle in education. The second is inclusion which ensures a basic minimum standard of education for all (e.g. everyone should be able to read, write, and do simple arithmetic)1. Fairness and inclusion are two closely intertwined dimensions. The schools which choose to have a particular specific focus on equity often succeed in solving the effects of social deprivation.
1. OECD 2008. Organisation for economic co-operation and development Policy Brief. Ten Steps to Equity in Education.