Participation is one of the pillars that underpin the health-promoting school approach and SHE has defined participation as a sense of ownership by students, staff, and parents.
It is important to note that there is a difference between token and genuine participation.
Genuine participation involves students' own construction of knowledge, open and divergent outcomes, targets individuals in their context, and aims to improve students' empowerment and action competencies.
The more students are involved in health projects, the more important it will be for the teacher to provide support, insight, and knowledge and facilitation of the learning process.
There is no single way of working with participation in a health-promoting school, it should always be context specific.
Bruun Jensen, B., & Simovska, V. (2005). Involving students in learning and health promotion processes - clarifying why? what? and how? Promotion & Education, 12(3–4), 150–156. https://doi.org/10.1177/10253823050120030114