Participation happens at different levels and can range from a sense of “taking part in” to “having part or share in something”. The latter implies the sharing of power in the decision-making processes in relation to con textual matters (like school). This understanding reflects a sense of self- determination, ownership and empowerment in relation to learning about health.
Participation is a core value for health promotions.
Evidence shows a positive effects on student participation in health promotions in schools, mainly on students referring to increased satisfaction, motivation and ownership, an increase in skills, competencies and knowledge, personal development, health-related effects and influence on student perspective.
Also the school as organization, and interaction and social relation at school benefit from student participation.
Students involvement in school-health promotion is valued negative at the individual level if the student feels ignored or not taken seriously, or the students experiences in participation is to challenging or at the programme level if the number of programme users is too small or there is an absence of disseminations.