Pedagogy is the theory of educational practice. Pedagogy includes didactics but is a broader concept that refers to a more overall approach to upbringing and education, including not only theories of teaching and learning, but also (e.g.) understandings of societal changes influencing schooling, and of students and their needs and backgrounds. Pedagogy includes an interest for the ethical, philosophical, sociological, cultural and political perspectives of schooling and educational practice, and its aims may range from furthering liberal education (the general development of human flourishing and capital) to the narrower specifics of acquisition of which competencies are needed for this development to take place, and which role these will play in society in the longer term.

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