Agree to which different groups in a society can live together and share common values.

Social cohesion requires low degrees of social exclusion, intra-community cooperation and solidarity across communities and social groups;

Social cohesion goes beyond the level of economic homogeneity (rate of employment, salary scale, access to health and education, housing); it is also linked to the level of social inclusion;

Five dimensions to social cohesion:

  1. Belonging – isolation: that means shared values, identity, feelings of commitment;
  2. Inclusion – exclusion (access to welfare);
  3. Participation – non-involvement (in civil society);
  4. Recognition – rejection of differences (in a pluralistic society);
  5. Legitimacy – illegitimacy (trust and respect to institutions).

(EU, 2014)


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