Agree to which different groups in a society can live together and share common values.
Social cohesion requires low degrees of social exclusion, intra-community cooperation and solidarity across communities and social groups;
Social cohesion goes beyond the level of economic homogeneity (rate of employment, salary scale, access to health and education, housing); it is also linked to the level of social inclusion;
Five dimensions to social cohesion:
- Belonging – isolation: that means shared values, identity, feelings of commitment;
- Inclusion – exclusion (access to welfare);
- Participation – non-involvement (in civil society);
- Recognition – rejection of differences (in a pluralistic society);
- Legitimacy – illegitimacy (trust and respect to institutions).