After one year of preparation, the 5th European Conference of Health Promoting Schools was held in Moscow/Russia from 20 to 22 November. More than 450 participants from 40 countries discussed current developments and challenges of the Health Promoting School approach in 160 contributions and 9 keynotes. In addition to the discussion of content, there were numerous opportunities for networking and informal exchange, e.g. during a Moscow night city tour or the welcome reception with musical accompaniment. The results of the conference have been incorporated into the Moscow Statement on Health Promoting Schools. The statement, all keynote presentations and photos will be available on the conference website shortly.